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What Is The Difference Between A Résumé And CV?

What Is The Difference Between A Résumé And CV?

The terms résumé and Curriculum Vitae (CV) are often interchanged and confused. They are two different entities though with some similarities.

A résumé is typically a short document which outlines your work experience, skills and education. It’s normally one page long and can be customized when applying for specific jobs. It doesn’t have to contain all the details about your life, just the relevant information for the particular job which you’re applying for.

A CV is longer than a résumé and can be 2 pages or more. It contains all the explicit details of your work experience, education, training, awards, affiliations, achievements, etc. A CV is normally not customized according to a post that you’re applying for. It stays more or less intact. It often contains some personal details as well.

When to use a résumé

A résumé is used when applying for jobs in the USA. Hiring managers don’t need to know about the research that you did or what work of yours you’ve had published. They just want to know what skills you have that apply to the job. Since you tailor a résumé to a specific job you can use it to make yourself stand out from other candidates who are applying for the same position. Few countries outside the USA accept résumés as documents for job application.

When to use a CV

In the USA a CV is typically used when applying for jobs in academic or educational institutions such as colleges and universities as it will have details of all your work, research papers, awards, honors, publications, etc. Outside the USA a CV is used in place of a résumé as the primary document when applying for a job. Most employers outside the USA don’t accept résumés. They want to have a complete overview of a candidate’s history including details like date of birth, nationality, and sometimes religious beliefs and affiliations.

When applying for a job makes sure you find out which type of document is accepted by the organization to which you’re applying so that you can send the appropriate one.

Photo Credit: © Rafal Olechowski –

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